2021考研英语小作文常用替换词汇和句式

2020/10/28 11:15:36 来源: 网络
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  考研英语写作是让不少考生们头疼的题型,海天考研提醒考生们,在复习期间,要对词汇和句式多加掌握,尤其是一些替换词汇。下面小编整理了2021考研英语小作文常用替换词汇和句式,希望能对各位不扎实的基本功有所补救。

  (一)词语替换

  常用名词替换表达:

  person&rarrindividual

  thing&rarraffair;business;matter

  choice&rarroption

  meaning&rarrimplication

  problem&rarrcase;trouble;dilemma;crisis;disaster

  picture&rarrcartoon;drawing;illustration

  failure&rarrsetback

  way&rarrmethod;approach

  常用动词替换表达:

  describe&rarrdepict;illustrate;show;record;reflect;reveal

  cause&rarrtrigger;give rise to;contribute into;translate into

  remember&rarrkeep in mind

  get&rarracquire;obtain

  solve&rarrsettle;tackle;overcome

  try&rarrattempt

  prepare for&rarrpave the way for

  常用形容词替换:

  important&rarrvital;critical;significant;be of importance;essential

  good&rarrpositive;favorable;promising;pleasure;excellent

  bad&rarrharmful;unfavorable;poor;discouraging

  many&rarrcountless;a great number of;a host of

  necessary&rarrindispensable

  famous&rarrdistinguished

  enough&rarrabundant;adequate

  huge&rarrenormous;massive;vast

  possible&rarrbe likely to

  (二)丰富句式

  1、添加修饰

  在名词前面添加形容词

  Young people should be condemmed.

  Young peole giving up supporting their parents should be condemned.

  常用描述图片的形容词:educational;vivid;ironic;

  2、句首添加状语

  Interestingly;unfortunately;obviously;especially;irnoically;not surprisingly;overall;just like;

  inaddition;besides

  Obviously,what the picture conveyed should be given further analysis.

  3、多用复合句

  复合句类型比较多,但是在考研中一个主句一个从句这样的句式基本是标配。但是如何把复合句写好,一方面可以使用词汇替换的技巧,另外一方面还需要用不同的句型。

  (1) 形式主语:

  It be+Adj./done/N.+that/to do

  It is obvious that proceting environment is our compulsory duty and also a legal behavior.

  (2) 定从句,这个是写作需要重点掌握的句式。

  It goes without saying that the cartoon depicts four persons are competitively playing a footable game, which successfully captures our eyes.

  (3)双重否定:

  …hardly…not/ never

  never fail to do

  it is not impossible to

  (4) 倒装结构:

  Only+状语置于句首:Only in this way can we resolve the problem.

  否定词置于句首:By no means should we turn a blind eye to such things of spoiling children.

  (5) 强调句:

  强调动词:I do expect that the issue of environment pollution can be settled as soon as possible.

  强调句子某个成分:It was persistence and optimism that made Thomas Edison bravely confront a variety of obtacles and other failures and then finally invent the electrical lamp.

  2021考研人数将近增长80w,22考研er压力剧增!如何选择适合自己的考研专业?如何能够突出重围?你需要和海天考研网的老师聊一聊。

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